With these famed words, on the midnight of 14-15 August 1947, Jawahar Lal Nehru, the first prime minister of India and architect of the socialist republic delivered his speech in the Central Hall of the Parliament House of the country of millions. Many eyes had their emotions altered, with some had their lips supporting their eyes with smile, many had water rolling down their cheeks, millions looking towards sky for the next sun to rise, so that they can cross upto the land of their faith, many looking for new opportunities to arrive, many looking towards opportunities lost. lots of them in dilemma what to do next, then many were there who left themselves to destiny. Tryst With Destiny.
Years 1857 and 1947, had a time span of almost a century, but shared common past in terms of fight for India. Many of us celebrate Hindu-Muslim unity of 1857, ignoring the disunity showed by both between and within the communities.
During the revolt of 1857, massacre were undertaken by British forces which are still to be unearthed, mass graves are still to be dug up, and during the mass movement that followed the Partition brothers in arms held arms against each other just being blinded by the colour of faith that each of them wore.
The Constituent Assembly had its task of framing the constitution for the newly independent Indian Union, which had many other tasks and decisions related, to be taken towards the unity of the land-mass of the subcontinent, while same assembly working as Legislative Assembly had to undertake legislative decisions for smooth functioning of the country during the transition phase of Colonial to Independent.
Despite being a civilization of more than 5000 years, some white skinned mammals were required to remind us of our democratic past.. 1919, Govt of India Act, was basis on which subsequent 1935, Government of India Act was based and finally Constitution of India was framed.
Chamber of Princes was proclaimed in 1920 by an official declaration vis a vis Central Legislative Assembly and Council of States.
This Chamber of Princes was composed of princes of India, who were represented in the chamber chaired by viceroy for India. This Chamber of Prince was refurbished into reading room for Members of Parliament after the Chamber of Princes was abolished in 1947, and subsequently foundation stone of a new building known as Sansadiya Gyanpeeth was laid in coming years for research and referel purposes for MPs.
Construction of the Parliament House Building was started in 1921, foundation stone being laid by Duke of Cannught on twelfth day of February.
Interestingly the blueprint design of the newly conceptualised state of the art design has significant resemblance to an 8th century Indian Chausath Yogini temple, in Madhya Pradesh.
Before this the Master Plan for new capital of the country, New Delhi, was already finalized by the cheif architect of the Raj, Edwin Luteyans. Herbert Baker was called in to super impose the newly conceptualised plan on the Master Plan. For that plan to materialize 7 villages of ancient and mediaeval Delhi, were supposed to be uprooted. Those who fell in line were megerly compensated, those who didn’t were made to fall. It is alleged that mass killings, burning of homes and fields ensued, no skeletons have been excavated so far by the Independent India.
Budget estimates for the iconic building were to the tune of 85 lacs INR at that time, at that time, when the natives were fighting with famines and draught, famine and diseases. Census for the year 1921 states average life expectancy of Indians was 21 years at that time…!!!!. Since 1914 World War was being fought and the Indian treasures were muggled up by British for chasing their dreams round the world, natives were exploited not only financially but human resources were drained like no examples in history of mankind.
With in a record span of six years incurring approximately 1 crores and utilising raw material from different states of the country, the Parliament House Building was constructed with life span of 60 years.
Bone of contention for the natives so far has been that the contractor for the estate was an Indian, who could tame the labourers to work in conditions than that are prevalent today and the same contractor was used by British to give evidence against Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Datt in assembly bomb case. Each material used for the construction was sourced from Indian Subcontinent, either paid as tribute or gifted by royals.
Since India Independence Act 1947 passed by British Parliament and subsequently coming into force of Constitution of India in 1950 this iconic building has been standing as the foremost symbol of democracy and hailed as the icon of unity of the Indian Union.
Since then decades have passed and the country has moved from being a dependent country to now a self dependent nation. A nation which once looked towards world for food grains is now capable of sending foreign satellites into space. A nation which has passed the test of time and still maintained its democracy and soverwi
Now in the year 2017 another milestone function is in progress, with members of both Houses of Parliament in witness with dignitaries of modern India in the making, in the same Central Hall of the Parliament, on the mid night of June 30 and 1 July, at the same time after 70 years, to mark the unionistion of the market.
This step taken to strengthen the finances of Union Government is anticipated to go a long way towards strengthening political unity of the country as well as improve the ease of doing business in the country.
Let’s all hope for the best to come in the years to come.